An Outline History Of English Language Ft Wood Pdf VERIFIED

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An Outline History Of English Language Ft Wood Pdf

Nevertheless, the multiplicity of spellings contributes to the diversity of our everyday English. It is to an extent a result of the dynamic, variegated nature of English language but it has also been encouraged by educational system. While the attempt to standardise spelling in schools at the beginning of the last century was a laudable one, the profession of teacher might provide an answer to why spellings vary today.

According to The Hart-Dictionary, the English school system of the beginning of the last century was the driving force behind the abolition of inflection in spelling. Post-Reformation England was still grappling with the culture of its past and lacked any authoritative body to enforce what was considered a rarified and distinctly English artefact. Hart had spelt clearing for example at a time when changing was correct. In 1887, the first Cambridge lecturer on English literature rejected the rule that the King s New Latin was the an official standard.

In 1888, the Cambridge professor proposed the policy of simplifying the spelling and pronunciation, but, in the words of the Teachers Dictionary, even the sound of the spoken English of students in the Cambridge colleges varied widely. The teaching profession did not want the task of imposing rules on spelling, but it had been working for over a hundred years to standardise the spoken language. They preferred to leave the matter with grammar class students who were taught to speak and write correctly.

How much each pronunciation and spelling is influenced by its social background and context is a topic for scholars to debate. My conclusion is that most spelling variation is not at all a function of the student s school, with the notable exceptions of supposed Americanisms such as ruf, jumb, and program. The same holds for spelling not in line with pronunciation (e.g. quillet, mieg, and guest). Instead, I have been observing that many Western European languages have wide variations and this may be one of the reasons for Britain s relative lack of variation.

The first noticeable evidence of a new English standard was the first standard English dictionary by Samuel Johnson. After 1611, English began to undergo yet another period of change – a new phase of supposed phonological stability as the Great Vowel Shift occurred. That resulted in a marked fj’ispairing and diphthongal shift away from old English vowels such as those of /æ/, /ə/ and /æ/, which had remained relatively stable for thousands of years, to the present /a, o, e, ə/ in all their modern varieties. This resulted in a mixture of sounds which would have sounded incomprehensible to the medieval English readers and listeners of the time. Thus, the phonetic norms of modern English were not established by the “upper classes” of English, but by uneducated and low-status people, including working-class men and women. This accounts for the present variety of sounds in English. [ Source]
As technological progress, the use of English became more widespread, and more new words were introduced into the language. During the 18th century, the rise of the British Empire saw a huge increase in the use of the English language, so much so that the standard had to be updated. Towards the end of the 19th century, the Industrial Revolution changed the course of human development, and English began to dominate worldwide commerce due to superior manufacturing. By now, the English language became widely used in countries such as America and Australia.
The First World War was a hugely disruptive experience for English speakers. The national language went through several major changes. The elimination of many loanwords during the war meant the general public started to speak in their native tongue as much as possible. This language was not restricted to use only by a specific section of society, but was becoming more widely used by everyone. Towards the end of the war the new, invented words were collated into a new set of norms which we now know today as the Oxford English Dictionary.

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