Digital Control System Benjamin C Kuo Pdf Free LINK Download



Digital Control System Benjamin C Kuo Pdf Free Download

future research priorities must address the ethical and security concerns raised by digital tracing apps, as well as focus on the integration of digital technologies into public health systems in low- and middle-income countries. to address this, it is necessary to better understand the barriers to the uptake of digital technologies in developing countries, particularly in countries where more than 50% of the population lacks basic access to mobile internet 15 . the who should support data collection from their technical and research advisory groups, and research to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of these technologies. to improve the transparency of the public-health response, the who should conduct evaluations and publish their results. companies and governments must also ensure that data collected by these technologies are de-identified and that there is a clear system of privacy protection and data encryption, as well as a clear system of accountability of those holding the data and the data-handling practices.

companies and governments must invest in technologies that can be adapted to a variety of settings, such as the development of contact-tracing technologies that can be integrated into public-health systems and are accessible to those with less-mobile internet access. to improve digital health-evidence synthesis, who should invest in data collection and evaluation. this can be done using the evidence standards framework for digital health technologies of the national institute for health and care excellence (nice) 128 and the evidence-to-decision framework for digital health technologies of the american medical association 128 . this should include the development of a digital health-evidence guidelines framework that is applicable to a variety of digital technologies and can help in the identification, appraisal and translation of digital health technologies and evidence. digital technologies may be the only solution to address the challenge of addressing the digital divide in the future. the who and other international organizations should take an active role in ensuring the development of digital health technologies that are accessible to those without mobile internet access and can be used to prevent, detect and control infectious diseases.

the future of public health is likely to be increasingly digital, and recognizing the importance of digital technology in this field and in pandemic preparedness planning has become urgent. key stakeholders in the digital field, such as technology companies, should be long-term partners in preparedness rather than being partners only when emergencies are ongoing. viruses know no borders and, increasingly, neither do digital technologies and data. there is an urgent need for alignment of international strategies for the regulation, evaluation and use of digital technologies to strengthen pandemic management and future preparedness for covid-19 and other infectious diseases.
some of the key applications in a digital public-health system include the following: symptom-tracking apps; rapid-testing technology; case isolation; contact tracing and monitoring of aggregated population-mobility levels; access to care and long-term follow-up and monitoring; public communication, and information-sharing.
the long-term development of digital public health may require new models of funding, with incentives to engage public-health systems in new ways, to promote participatory engagement of citizens, and to support local health systems. some potential models include:
as the outbreak of covid-19 continues, and more data becomes available, the need for new technologies and new approaches will become more apparent. public-health agencies, policy-makers and technologists must work together to move quickly toward the vision of a digital public health system.

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